Business Scenario: Open Platform 3.0™ – Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations


2D Code Two-dimensional barcode (often called a QR-Code).
Actor (in a Business Scenario) Anything that interacts with or within the system. This can be a human, or a machine, or a computer program.
Acquirer A person buying an IT system or service, or data, online, or obtaining it for free, for personal use, or for use by others within an enterprise.
App An application or application component that runs on personal computing devices.
Application A deployed and operational IT system that supports business functions and services.
Architect (Enterprise) A person responsible for developing the architecture of an enterprise and ensuring that the implementation meets the architecture’s specifications.
Big Data Data that is so large that it is difficult to work with using IT systems available today.
Boundaryless Information Flow Access to integrated information to support business process improvements. Boundaryless Information Flow represents a desired state of an enterprise’s infrastructure and is specific to the business needs of the organization.
Business Scenario A document produced using a technique defined in the TOGAF Standard to help identify and understand business needs, and thereby to derive the business requirements that the architecture development has to address.
Business Technologist A professional who understands business strategy and the capabilities and availability of contemporary technology, and enables the strategy through the technology.
Business User A person using an application or application service and acting on behalf of, and possibly an employee of, the enterprise running the application or service.
BYOD Bring Your Own Device – the trend for people to use their own personal computing devices for business purposes in the enterprises in which they work.
Cellphone A mobile radio telephone.
CEO Chief Executive Officer.
CFO Chief Financial Officer.
CIO Chief Information Officer.
Cloud Broker An entity that manages the use, performance, and delivery of cloud services and negotiates relationships between cloud providers and cloud consumers [NIS -RA].
Cloud Computing A model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction [NIST DEF].
Cloud IaaS Service An IT service in which the capability provided to the consumer is to provision processing, storage, networks, and other fundamental computing resources where the consumer is able to deploy and run arbitrary software, which can include operating systems and applications. Refer to IaaS in [NIST DEF].
Cloud PaaS Service An IT service in which the capability provided to the consumer is to deploy onto the cloud infrastructure consumer-created or acquired applications created using programming languages, libraries, services, and tools supported by the provider. Refer to PaaS in [NIST DEF].
Cloud SaaS Service An IT service in which the capability provided to the consumer is to use the provider’s applications running on a cloud infrastructure. Refer to SaaS in [NIST DEF].
CMO Chief Marketing Officer.
Cognitive Computing An IT technique that produces systems that learn and interact naturally with people to extend what either man or machine could do on their own.
Compliance Officer A person acting for a business enterprise to ensure that it conforms to regulation and meets its self-imposed standards of operation.
Contextual Computing Computing that takes account of the relationships between the data, and how different processes operate on that data and with each other [IBM2013].
Contextual Enterprise An enterprise that uses contextual computing.
Control A device that changes its environment in response to messages received from IT systems.
Data Science An informal discipline that combines elements of mathematics, statistics, and computer science and is concerned with extracting meaning from data.
Data Scientist A practitioner of data science.
Developer A person responsible for the development of an IT service, an application, or a solution.
Email Electronic mail.
End User Person using an application or application service.
Gartner Gartner, Inc, an information technology research and advisory company. Refer to
IaaS Service Cloud IaaS Service.
IDC International Data Corporation, a global provider of market intelligence, advisory services, and events for the information technology, telecommunications, and consumer technology markets. Refer to
Integrator Enterprise.
Integrator Developer.
Internet A global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite to serve users worldwide. Refer to
Internet of Things The global collection of uniquely identifiable objects and their virtual representations in an Internet-like structure. The term is generally used to mean the connection of sensors and controls to the Internet, so that enterprises can monitor the activities and operation of people, machines, buildings, engineering structures, and the natural environment, and, in some cases, control that operation.
IT Information Technology.
Linux An open source computer operating system based on and similar to the UNIX® operating system. Refer to
Mobile Computing The connection of portable computing devices to servers via mobile radio networks and the Internet.
Mobile First A strategy of re-imagining businesses around constantly connected employees and customers, and creating new ways to deliver value to customers who are often looking to quickly accomplish a single task and then move on [IBM2013].
Multi-modal (Transport) A journey involving the use of multiple modes of transport; for example, rail and bus.
Multimedia Analytics Computer analysis that makes sense of images and videos, and is able to extract information and insights from those sources [IBM2013].
Near Field Communication A set of standards for devices to establish radio communication with each other by touching them together or bringing them into close proximity.
Network A communication medium between two or more devices.
Nexus of Forces The term used by Gartner to describe the convergence and mutual reinforcement of social, mobility, cloud, and information patterns that drive new business scenarios.
Open Platform 3.0 The standard platform that will be defined by The Open Group to enable users to use the combination of new, disruptive technologies effectively and at low cost, and give vendors a worthwhile market.
PaaS Service Cloud PaaS Service.
Pedibus A form of transport for schoolchildren who, chaperoned by two adults (a “driver” leads and a “conductor” follows) walk to school, in much the same way a school bus would drive them to school. Also called “walking bus”.
Personal Computing Device A computing device, such as a PC, cellphone, or tablet, for use by one particular user.
Personalized Education An educational approach in which information technology is used to tailor the learning programs to the individual needs of the students.
Publisher A person making an IT system or service or data available for acquisition online.
RFID Radio Frequency Identification – a technique by which electronic tags can be attached to objects and broadcast codes that identify them.
SaaS Service Cloud SaaS Service.
Scalable Services Ecosystems Open clusters of enterprises, including partners and value-added firms, where business functions are delivered as API-centric services, enabling businesses to co-create customer value with speed and agility [IBM2013].
SDE Software Defined Environments.
Sensor A device that sends to IT systems information obtained from its environment.
Social Computing Computing related to or using social media.
Social Media A means of interactions among people in which they create, share, and exchange information and ideas in virtual communities and networks.
Software-Defined Environments Environments in which the entire infrastructure including compute, storage, and network becomes software-defined and programmable in the cloud. In such environments, a new unified control plane emerges which is highly configurable and fully programmable with the workloads being compiled onto it [IBM2013].
SSE Scalable Services Ecosystems.
Support Person A person responsible for resolving problems encountered by users; for example, as part of a help desk.
Systems Manager A person responsible for the procurement, configuration, and operation of IT systems.
Tablet A personal computing device with display, circuitry, and battery in a single unit.
The Open Group A global consortium that enables the achievement of business objectives through IT standards. Its mission is to drive the creation of Boundaryless Information Flow.
TOGAF® An Enterprise Architecture methodology and framework; refer to:
UNIX® The UNIX Operating System; refer to
Utility A deployed and operational IT system that provides generic processing capability that is not related to any particular business function.
Vendor Lock-in A situation where, having purchased a product or service from a vendor, the customer is constrained to purchase related products and services from the same vendor.
Visual Analytics Use of visual interfaces by humans to consume and make sense of complex data and analytics [IBM2013].
VP Vice President.